08-SITREPS, UPDATES

Situation reports, update

Links to all OCHA Situation Reports are listed here

To see who is doing what, where see the Relief Organization Presence Map. Page 1 shows the map. Pages 2, 3, and 4 list the full names of the organizations. 

US Aid Map showing location of humanitarian partners in Haiti

here 

Relief Organization Presence Map

here 

Sahana aid agency list by zone

here 

Land acquisition for resettlement

The number of sites identified by the UN as priorities for decongestion in Port-au-Prince has now risen to 21, but an acute shortage of land is making this difficult. Read more…

Humanitarian agencies have avoided land-related issues, believing them to be too complex, politically sensitive and outside their mandate. Where agencies have engaged, their efforts have been narrowly focused on restitution for the displaced in a return process.  Engagement needs to be much broader and more nuanced, based on an understanding of the wider dynamics of land-related conflict. Humanitarian organisations can respond to land-related issues in conflict and post-conflict transitions in many ways, including research and monitoring, advocacy, legal aid and oversight. Read more… 

Rain

03 Mar 2010: …The poor state of the sewers caused flooding in every [district] of the city… In some places the waters rose to ceiling level in people’s houses… People are used to dealing with floods, just not this early… Read more…

24 Feb 2010 — Biosurveillance: Military Responders Treated for Malaria and Leptospirosis. Read more…  

22 Feb 2010 Relief Web — shelter, rain, & disease:  1.2 million people live in makeshift shelters and over 500 000 are displaced, according to the latest assessment of the national civil protection…The committee responsible for temporary shelters, Charles Clermont, tents are not the solution to the problem of shelter. The main current challenge for the relocation of victims of January 12 on drainage canals in preparation for the rainy season, he said… 

“When hundreds of thousands of families live without protection against the elements, grouped on sites overcrowded, with very few latrines, the health risk is important. There were no recorded epidemics to date but these conditions are conducive to the spread of many diseases, including diarrhea and skin infections, “says Dr. Ally… 

The Directorate of Civil Defense said for its part a number of cases of malaria, typhoid and diarrhea have been diagnosed in health facilities but it is unclear whether the government has a plan for dealing with risk potential epidemics… 

Moreover, people in shelters face the problem of sanitation. According to the Pan American Health Organization, it would build 21 000 latrines in the six months to respond to the risk of epidemics… Read more…

16 Feb 2010 — Biosurveillance sitrep:  …Periodic, localized rainfall continues to be documented, with sustained rains anticipated beginning in March… Precipitation may further compromise indigenous water sources and exacerbate what limited sanitation is available… Challenges include a high water table [rendering pit latrines ineffective], rocky ground, and difficulty finding adequate methods for disposal of human excrement…  It is for this reason we assess rains in March and April will be a key period of risk ahead of the anticipated flooding brought on by the hurricane season in June… 

Ongoing reports of pediatric diarrheal disease in the IDP camps with associated mortality… Salmonella and Shigella flexneri was discovered by laboratory confirmation in the US… Ongoing reports of acute respiratory disease in the IDP camps, however very limited and isolated reports of death due to pneumonia… 

We have no evidence of pandemic vaccine [nor ventilator] deployment campaigns by responding agencies in Haiti… We have observed reports of dengue in patients, with <5 cases of suspected dengue hemorrhagic feverRead more… 

23 Feb 2010 Relief Web: registration of displaced persons,

Source: International Organization for Migration (IOM) Date: 23 Feb 2010 Haiti – IOM supports the Government of Haiti in its working-class registration of persons displaced by the recent earthquake in particular to identify their areas of origin. The recording is part of a wider strategy to manage overcrowding in temporary sites in Port-au-Prince to allow more people to return to their places of origin… The recent implementation of such a strategy indicates a state of emergency response to the rainy season which begins mid-March.  The goal is to find housing solutions for most Haitians as possible before the rains begin, focusing on priority areas. The solutions are:  

1-[Help] displaced persons to return home and rebuild their homes…
2-[Help] displaced persons to find refuge in a ‘host’ home, especially among members of their families or friends.
3-If none of the above is possible, the Government and partners prepare and clean up the larger facilities where people have gathered since the earthquake.
4-In cases where no such solution is possible, the IOM will help the government to establish new sites. 

Read more… 

Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development photo

Also read Catholic Relief Services: Haiti rebuild presents herculean task and Red Cross: Haiti Housing the Homeless. The IFRC plans to eventually build 20,000 core houses – using materials (mainly wood) shipped into Haiti by the logistics unit at base camp in Port-au-Prince.  The newly standardized package of construction materials – timber, panels for metal roofs, plastic sheeting for walls or floors, nails and fixings – will enable Haitians to build a relatively robust core shelter of 12 square metres. These can be moved and extended when space and resources allow. Humanitarian tarpaulins distributed over the past two months can be retained as an additional covered area. The core houses will be targeted at beneficiaries in both urban and rural areas, while a subsequent drive to build larger (24 square-metre) “transitional” houses will focus on rural and lower density urban areas. 

 

22 Feb 2010 Relief Web: helicopter delivery in Leogane, customs assistance

A Logistics Cluster representative was in Leogane today along with a member of UNHAS to establish a plan for helicopter deliveries to outlying areas which so far have received little assistance. 

To qualify for a duty and tax exemption on the importation of goods into Haiti, NGOs must be registered in-country… Organizations not currently registered in the country may be able to seek the assistance of the Direction de la Protection Civile (DPC) in clearing their goods. 

The LC in PAP has published an updated customs brief and is offering assistance to organizations facing customs-related difficulties. 

The Logistics Cluster is has been requested to assist with incoming bilateral donations by the government of El Salvador. Similar facilitation has already been provided for the governments of Mexico and Taiwan. 

19 Feb 2010 Relief Web: Debris cleared

February 19, 2010 The debris resulting from the earthquake on Jan. 12 in public areas in Haiti have been collected almost entirely thanks to an initiative of the UN Program for Development (UNDP) to offer money to people who be involved in cleaning. 

According to UNDP data, more than 60,000 Haitians affected by the earthquake are related to that plan, which offers 180 gourdes, the equivalent of about four dollars for six hours, according to UNDP spokesman in Geneva, Adam Rogers: “We are working in two shifts, one of six am to 12 noon and another from noon till six o’clock… He added that UNDP is seeking $ 80 million to extend this offer of employment to some 200,000 Haitians.” Read more… 

20 Feb 2010 Relief Web: Preval asks for shelter materials

Aid officials are rushing out tarpaulins in a bid to provide some kind of shelter to all those made homeless, but only about 30 percent have received materials so far, according to the United Nations. 

Preval said Saturday only 24 percent of the homeless have tents, but he did not explain the discrepancy in the figures, including whether he was including those sleeping under tarpaulins in his total. Read more… 

(Cluster authorities are moving directly into transitional housing.  And in general are now asking for corrugated metal roofing — recycled aluminum is best– and timber. Cedar is the most weather resistant and also resists bugs. Timbers are best seated in a metal boot pressure-treated bottom plates on a reinforced concrete slab foundation and best reinforced with seismic bracing.  

34 bags of regular concrete will yield a 20 ft x 10 ft slab. The UN standard for area is 3.5 metres squared per person.  Shelters are normally designed for 5 people 

For a high-end model of transitional housing see Habitat for Humanity’s project. Their porch is culturally sensitive but not immediately necessary.  Walls need not be immediately of concrete block but can quite adequately be of 6 mil plastic sheeting stapled directly onto posts. The H4H model costs out at approximately $5000. Less expensive but entirely safe and permanent shelters are feasible.) 

08 Feb 2010: OCHA Situation Report

…In addition to its two sub-offices in Jacmel and Leogane, OCHA is establishing an antenna office in Petit Goave to cover coordination needs in Petit Goave and Grand Goave… The Creole radio show, Novelles Utiles (News You Can Use), which is broadcast on 25 stations including MINUSTAH FM has set up a phone line and begun soliciting feedback from listeners asking them to call in with questions about aid…  

The provision of shelter material continues to be a priority in all affected areas. 

Sanitation in the temporary settlement sites remains a concern. The WASH Cluster estimates that 18,000 latrines are needed in Port-au-Prince to support 900,000 people… The rainy season will increase morbidity rates for childhood diseases (ARI, diarrhea) while the hungry season (May-July) is anticipated to be particularly severe since the Gonaives area is likely to receive less rainfall than usual diminishing the harvest…  

[A]n estimated 17,500 children are suffering from acute malnutrition and 3,100 of these are severely malnourished and in need of life-saving assistance… An estimated total of 80,000 to 120,000 people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Leogane commune. The most urgent needs are shelter, sanitation, food and water… 

 The number of incoming flights to Port-au-Prince airport continues to drop and now averages 74 per day as incoming air cargo increasingly shifts to sea transport. At the peak of the response, the airport was receiving 160 flights per day.  

The Port-au-Prince port is handling an average of 350 containers per day now that specialized cranes are in place. The installation of two floating docks at the port will commence on 10 February and be finished by the weekend, increasing capacity at the port to a possible 1,500 containers per day.  

A second interagency warehouse in Port-au-Prince of 3,200 m2 is operational and receiving goods at the new location in the Industrial Park, bringing the Logistics Cluster storage capacity in Port-au-Prince up to 6,700 m2. Read more…

04 Feb 2010: Logistics Cluster Consolidated Situation Report — Haiti & Santo  Domingo

All Cluster participants wanting to be included in the revised flash appeal should submit their input by February 6’. To date only a few logistics projects have been submitted, including one from Handicap International/Atlas Logistique…   

At Toussaint L’Ouverture Airport in PaP, the majority of all slot requests are granted within + / – 12 hours of the requested slot. The slots are currently allocated by the Haiti Flight Operations Coordination Centre. No slot requests are allocated unless a clear consignor, consignee and consignment details are presented.  

The Mi8 helicopter managed by UNHAS began cargo flights today out of Port au Prince to carry 1.5 mt of medical supplies to Les Cayes to WHO.   

Handicap International/Atlas Logistique have a fleet of 13 M6 trucks in Jacmel for interagency transport. The current plan is to replace these with 10 mt trucks for transport within the city in order to redeploy the all-terrain vehicles for deliveries along the more difficult routes outside town.  

US Joint Task Force engineers completed an assessment of route 2 from Carrefour west to Grand Goave. The road will require immediate repairs to allow for sustained heavy truck traffic.   

Piling will be installed at the PAP seaport on February 8 – 9 and ready for cargo operations as of February 10 with one 120m x 30m dock and a 200 mt crane.  

A large number of ships are currently heading to PAP, causing concern about congestion. Some of the vessels due to arrive in Port-au-Prince will have to be diverted to Santo Domingo or possibly Barahona, which is located about 130 km to the west of Santo Domingo. A hub is currently being established there. The port of Puerto Plata remains another option. Read more… 

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